Tuesday, July 15, 2008

I am researching 4 families in Baltimore, Maryland: Anderson, Gardner/Gartner, McKenney [or McKinney, McKenna], and Spence.
  • Theresa GARTNER, b. Germany about 1799-1800, married 1823 in Baltimore to John S. SPENCE
  • Their daughter Elizabeth Jane SPENCE married 1851, Baltimore, to Wm ANDERSON(1)
  • Their son William ANDERSON(2) married 1888, Baltimore to Mary ["Minnie"] McKENNEY

I have no information on the family of Theresa GARTNER. One federal census puts her pob as Hanover. I don't know if she arrived in Baltimore as a child with her family, or as an adult. None of the federal censuses in which she appears as an adult in Baltimore include any Gartners.

NOTE: new info found Aug 2009 at familysearch.org which may be her family! See separate post

I have no family information on John S. SPENCE either. There was a John Selby Spence in Baltimore around the same time who was a political [famous] figure, and about whom there is some biographical info to be found on the web. My John Spence died between 1841-1842 [dob last known child] and 1850, when Theresa was shown as the head of household for the family in the federal census. Their children were:
  1. George W. Spence, b. 1823/24; was an undertaker in Baltimore
  2. Elizabeth Jane Spence, b 1825/26 m. Wm. Anderson
  3. ? possible child b abt 1828,
  4. ?possible child b. abt 1830,
  5. ?possible child b. abt 1832
  6. Francis [daughter] b 1835-36
  7. Thomas b b 1837-38
  8. ?possible child b abt 1840
  9. John b 1842/43
  10. possible dau Mary C., b 1825-26 [appears in 1850 census, out of order - listed last in household; same age as her sister Elizabeth; twins? Perhaps recently married.
Note: christening records at familysearch.org indicate both Elizabeth Jane and Mary Catherine Spence were baptised on the same day in 1830.

NOTE: Aug 2009 update - John Selby Spence was born "near Snow Hill", Maryland, and appears [from online research] to have been associated with Worcester, Maryland rather than Baltimore. There was also a William Wallace Spence in Baltimore [born Scotland and emigrated circa 1834-36] who had 7 children with names were similar to my Spence family. Thankfully, the birthdates are off enough to differentiate between the families, and the presence of his mother-in-law in at least once census helps further. See separate post.


I do have a little information on the ANDERSON family. It appears that William(2) was living with 2 younger sisters and perhaps a married older sister at the 1850 census:

1850 MD - Baltimore Co., 3W Baltimore, pg. 290, Dwelling #46, Family #56.
ANDERSON, William. 25. M. Dyer and Scourer. b. MD. [b. 1824-25]
Julia. 16. F. b. MD. [b. 1833-34]
Elizabeth. 14. F. b. MD. [b. 1835-36]
COLEMAN, Edwin S. 38. M. Sea Captain. b MD [b. 1811-12]
Mary A. 34. F. b. MD. [b. 1815-16]
Eugene D. 7. M. b. MD. Attended schl. [b. 1842-43]
Mary J. 2. F. b. MD. [b. 1847-48]
HAGINS, Mary. 23. F. b. Ireland. Cannot read/write.

A gentleman who descends from the Coleman family is currently doing a lookup on the marriage of Mary to Edwin S. Coleman; he believes Mary is not an Anderson, but is unrelated to the family. He provided the following info obtained from Familysearch.org:

IGI Individual Record FamilySearch™ International Genealogical Index v5.0
North America
Marriage: 10 MAR 1840 Christ Church Parish Chase And St Paul Street-
Probaltimorepiscopal, Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland
Messages: Extracted marriage record for locality

Either Mary was not an Anderson, or her maiden name was Anderson and she was a widow when she married Edwin Coleman. Hopefully the marriage record will clarify this.

I have been curious as to why William would be living with 2 younger sisters at 1850; what happened to their parents?

I have assumed that the William Anderson who married Elizabeth J. Spence in 1851 is the same William Anderson extracted in the 1850 census, above. This 1850 census and the 1851 Baltimore Directory list William Anderson, "dyer/scourer" or "silk dyer". Later directories consistently show William as a "painter" or "house painter". The only other William Andersons listed had occupations of "brakesman", "hacker", "furniture dealer".

William and Elizabeth Anderson named 3 [of their 6] children Theresa, Mary Anna and Elizabeth. If Mary A. Coleman was an Anderson, William named 2 of his 3 daughters after his 2 sisters. Theresa, of course, was named after his wife Elizabeth's mother, Theresa Gartner Spence.


Mary ["Minnie"] McKenney Anderson was the mother of my paternal grandmother. My grandmother's sister, Elizabeth Jane Anderson Regan, outlived my grandmother by approx. 30 years and provided much of the family history for me, limited though it was. According to Aunt Elizabeth:

  • Mary McKenney was one of 3 children - 2 girls, 1 boy; she was known as "Minnie"
  • Her sister Anna married Patrick Mullen; their oldest daughter, named perhaps "Marie", married and moved to Canada
  • Another Mullen child was a son named Leo
  • Aunt Elizabeth also had Barker cousins - supposedly a sister of her father [William Anderson(2)] married a Barker, who had at least one son named Frank Barker.
  • Her parents William and Mary were married in a cathedral.
  • Her mother was a seamstress.

...Mary McKenney was called Mary in the 1870 census [Baltimore], where she lived with her mother Mary, sister Annie and brother Andrew. No father shown; presumed deceased. [Mother Mary does not appear in later censuses; presumed deceased betwn 1870-1880.]

...Mary was called "Minnie" in 1880; she and her sister Anna were living with 2 different families as domestic servants. Mary was listed as "Minnie" in all federal censuses through 1910 [except for the 1870 census as a child at home w/her mother].

...Minnie was called "Minnie McKenny" in the Latin record of her church marriage; her parent was listed as "Mariea McKenna". [And she married in the Basilica of the Assumption cathedral.]

...Minnie was listed [along w/ other family members] in the 1890 Baltimore City directory: "Minnie Anderson, Dressmkr". Listed at the same address was her brother: "Andrew McKenny, printer"

...Minnie was called "Minnie Anderson" on her death certificate. Father listed as "William McKenna".

NEXT DISCUSSION: Andrew McKenney, brother of Mary "Minnie" and Anna.


  • Search for death certificates, Baltimore MD, for Minnie McKenney Anderson's parents: William McKenney/McKenna, probably between 1860-1865 [youngest child b. about 1862]; and Mary McKenney, probably between 1870-1880. [Both parents b. Ireland]
  • Marriage record of Anna McKenney to Patrick Mullen [probably Catholic Church]
  • Catholic Church records for McKenney and Mullen childrens' baptisms. [Assume both were Catholic]
  • Emigration records - William & Mary McKenney - don't know if they were married here or in Ireland; all 3 children born in Maryland, probably Baltimore.
  • Why, in dau. Minnie McKenney's marriage record to Wm Anderson, was her mother's surname written differently in the same record? [McKenney / McKenna]. Was McKenna her mother's maiden name?
  • Gartner - emigration from Germany between 1799 and 1823 [dom to Spence]